Thinking out louD.
Life’s question and thinking out loud.
Recently reading an article, written in the National Institute of Justice. I wonder why this information, does not run like a public health issue.
In the early 20th century, Clifford Shaw and Henry McKay mapped thousands of incidents of juvenile delinquency and analyzed the relationships between delinquency and various social conditions.
In the 1950s, Jane Jacobs examined the built (urban) environment and the needs of city dwellers. In her work, she introduced constructs that are still used in today’s place-based research, such as “eyes on the street” and “social capital.” Although Jacobs did not attempt to forecast crime, her work led to later research positing that crime has spatial patterns and thus should be able to be forecast.
In the 1970s, criminologists began to emphasize the importance of place. Lawrence Cohen and Marcus Felson’s routine activities theory (RAT) described how routine activities affect crime. According to RAT, for a crime to occur, three things must coincide at the same place and time: a motivated offender, a suitable target, and a lack of capable guardianship. Due to the consistency in our routines, Cohen and Felson argued, we should be able to forecast crime: “The spatial and temporal structure of routine legal activities should play an important role in determining the location, type, and quantity of illegal acts occurring in a given community or society.”